Three acts of Parliament -- the Navigation Act of 1660, the Staple Act of 1663, and the Act of 1673 imposing Plantation Duties -- laid the foundation of the old colonial system of Great Britain. ( Log Out /  England adhered to mercantilism for two centuries and, possessing a more lucrative empire than France, strove to implement the policy by... England adhered to mercantilism for two centuries and, possessing a more lucrative empire than France, strove to implement the policy by a series of navigation acts. This act was expanded and altered by the succeeding Navigation Acts of 1662, 1663, 1670, 1673, and by the Act to Prevent Frauds and Abuses of 1696. ( Log Out /  However, it was only in 1651 that any British statutes acutely hindered colonial trade. In … This act required all European goods shipped to English colonies, mainly America, to be shipped through England first by English ships. Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century English and Irish furniture &c. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! 1663 Act. The Navigation Act of 1660 Empire is both a political and economic construct. In the act of 1663 the important staple principle required that all foreign goods be shipped to the American colonies through English ports. The law was reenacted in 1660, and the practice was introduced of “enumerating” certain colonial products, which could be shipped directly only to England, Ireland, or another English colony. Britain was top-heavy back then and had to come up with ways to support its aristocracy and other dependents. This form of economy is called mercantilism. Whereas by the Navigation Act of 1663 colonial governors were empowered to appoint an officer to carry out provisions of the Act, which officer "is there commonly known by the name of the naval officer" and whereas through connivance or negligence, frauds and abuses have been committed, all such officers must give security to the Commissioner of Customs in England for the faithful performance of their duty. The great Navigation Act passed by the Commonwealth government in 1651 was aimed at the Dutch, then England’s greatest commercial rivals. The Navigation Act 1663 (also called the Act for the Encouragement of Trade, passed on 27 th July) required all European goods bound for America (or other colonies) to be shipped through England first. NOW 50% OFF! März 1663 in Edinburgh) war ein schottischer Politiker und Covenanter. The Navigation Act 1663 further stipulated that European merchandise en route to the colonies first had to be shipped to England where the cargo was unloaded and assessed for tariffs before being reloaded in English bottoms (ships built in England or its colonies) to complete its voyage. In the 16th century various Tudor measures had to be repealed because they provoked retaliation from other countries. The first British empire was built upon the concept of mercantilism—that the economic interests of the nation have priority over those of all other groups and areas and thus the periphery, or provinces, must profit the mother country. Further Acts. In England, the goods would be unloaded, inspected, paid duties, and finally reloaded. Parliament enacted the first Navigation Act in 1660, although this legislation had its roots in earlier policy. Navigation Acts. It was slow-grown, dense wood which was easily worked and ideal for carcases and drawer linings. In England, the goods would be unloaded, inspected, paid duties, and reloaded. The whole Act, except section 4 (which is section 5 in Ruffhead's Edition) and the last section, were repealed by section 1 of, … By 1640, they also exported them for use as ships masts. These laws were far more effective than the Navigation Acts. The Navigation Act of 1663, also called the Staple Act, added more restrictions to the previous Acts. NAVIGATION ACTS. The 1660 Navigation Act added more protective measures; an enumerated list of goods such as tobacco, sugar, wool products, cotton, ginger, dying woods and a long list of commodities that could be shipped from the colony of origin only to England, Ireland,Wales, Berwick or other British colonies before being re-exported to foreign countries. The trees growing on their property, but were forbidden to touch them duke... Colonies directly to foreign ports, inspected, paid duties, and tobacco ; rice molasses! 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