It was a tax break for the East India Tea Company. It reinforced a tea tax in the American colonies. The tax identification number is 31-1618642. But as with most ...read more, Thomas Hutchinson (1711-1780) was a colonial American politician, judge and historian. The Tea Act was important because it led to the Boston Tea Party, an important event leading up the American Revolution. Their resistance culminated in the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773, in which colonists boarded East India Company ships and dumped their loads of tea overboard. Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the British authorities, particularly in Massachusetts. The colonists resisted the new tax, arguing that only their own elective colonial assemblies could tax them, and that “taxation without representation” was unjust and unconstitutional. But response to the Intolerable Acts began to unify the colonies instead. On the night ...read more. By allowing the East India Company to sell tea directly in the American colonies, the Tea Act cut out colonial merchants, and the prominent and influential colonial merchants reacted with anger. The Tea Act gave the East India Company a monopoly on the sale of tea, which made it cost about half of what the colonists were spending for their contraband tea. This act placed duties on a number of goods imported into the colonies, including tea, glass, paper and paint. The desperate attempt drastically reduced the price of their tea in order to attract a lot of buyers and to compete with the tea shipped from Holland. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. The opposition of the Tea Act was conducted by the artisans, smugglers, and merchants. I was assigned to make and present a really short movie about the Tea Act in a U.S. history class a few years ago and I guess I wanted to save it somewhere. See more. In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, the first direct, internal tax that it had ever levied on the colonists. The Tea Act: The Catalyst of the Boston Tea Party. In 1763, the British Empire emerged as the victor of the Seven Years’ War (1756-63). They dumped all of the tea overboard. Parliament responded with the Coercive Acts of 1774, which colonists came to call the Intolerable Acts. Parliament also appointed General Thomas Gage (1719-87), the commander in chief of British forces in North America, as the governor of Massachusetts. in India) so there was no tax collection in the colonies. All Rights Reserved. The Tea Act of 1773 was one of several measures imposed on the American colonists by the heavily indebted British government in the decade leading up to the American Revolutionary War (1775-83). The tea act was the act of the American colonists rebelling against the British for taxation without representation on tea, it was also an act of freedom from Britain. Instead of placating the colonies by repealing the Tea Act, the British government decided to punish Boston and the people of Massachusetts with a series of acts which became known as the Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts. The act granted the company the right to ship its tea directly to the colonies without first landing it in England, and to commission agents who would have the sole right to sell tea in the colonies. This task we do advance performs. In 1770, Parliament repealed all of the Townshend Act duties except for the one on tea, which was retained as a symbol of Parliament’s power over the colonies. The British government granted the company a monopoly on the importation and sale of tea in the colonies. The revenue raised by these duties would be used to pay the salaries of royal colonial governors. Due to protests from British merchants, whose trade was seriously effected by the American colonists refusing to buy the goods, Parliament repealed all of the duties (taxes) - except the tax on tea. In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, the first direct, internal tax that it had ever levied on the colonists. The fact that the agents commissioned by the company to sell its tea included a number of pro-Parliament men only added fuel to the fire.The Tea Act revived the boycott on tea and inspired direct resistance not seen since the Stamp Act crisis. The East India Company, once one of England’s oldest and most successful trading companies, faced economic collapse in the years following the Seven Years War. The British thought that this would be a good way of forcing the colonists to pay the tea tax and still pay less money overall for the tea. A glut of tea and a diminished American market had left the company with tons of tea leaves rotting in its warehouses. On the evening of December 16, 1773, patriots disguised as Indians boarded three ships in Boston Harbor and threw over three hundred crates of tea into the water to make sure the tea did not get unloaded. They were protesting a tax on tea … The target was the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. Although the victory greatly expanded the empire’s imperial holdings, it also left it with a massive national debt, and the British government looked to its North American colonies as an untapped source of revenue. The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a time when the British Empire was deep in debt from the Seven Years' War (1756-63) and ...read more, The Boston Tea Party was a political protest that occurred on December 16, 1773, at Griffin’s Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts. Although it was a private concern, the company played an integral role in Britain’s imperial economy and served as its conduit to the riches of the East Indies. It was intended to benefit the East India Company by giving them the exclusive right to sell tea in the colonies, creating a monopoly which the colonists perceived as another means of “taxation without representation” . https://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/tea-act. Did you know? The act also made allies of merchants and patriot groups like the Sons of Liberty. Colonists who had joined in protest against those earlier acts renewed their efforts in 1773. Why was the Tea Act of 1773 so Important. The Results to the effect were through the Leaflets of us reviewed, before we then the User insights in detail view. Tea Act Crisis. The Tea Act was a follow-up to the Revenue Act, that was one of the laws in the Townshend Acts which set new import duties (taxes) on British goods including paint, paper, lead, glass and tea. London: E. Newberry, 1789.Engraving. The act also allowed the British East India Company to have a monopoly on the tea trade there. The protestors who caffeinated Boston Harbor were railing against the Tea Act, which the British government enacted in the spring of 1773. Recognizing that the Stamp Act was a lost cause, Parliament repealed it in 1766. This act eliminated the customs duty on the company’s tea and permitted its direct export to America. In several towns, crowds of colonists gathered along the ports and forced company ships to turn away without unloading their cargo. In Massachusetts, however, the Royal Governor refused to allow the ships carrying the company’s tea to leave the harbor without first paying the duty on the tea. Since the Stamp Act crisis of 1765, radical colonists had warned that new British taxes heralded an attempt to overthrow representative government in the colonies and to subjugate the colonists to British tyranny. A related objective was to undercut the price of illegal tea, smuggled into Britain's North American colonies. On March 22, 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, imposing taxes on virtually all printed materials in the American colonies. Unfortunately, the Americans were not at all pleased with this move. The act’s main purpose was not to raise revenue from the colonies but to bail out the floundering East India Company, a key actor in the British economy. Contrary to popular belief, the Quartering Act did not force colonists to house British soldiers in their own homes. If Parliament expected that the lowered cost of tea would mollify the colonists into acquiescing to the Tea Act, it was gravely mistaken. British settlers in America were initially r… The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, would launch the final spark to the revolutionary movement in Boston. Which was the only company allowed to buy any Tea sold from England, the! 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